E-bikes, e-scooters and hoverboards are becoming increasingly popular. But the lithium-ion batteries they’re powered by can start fires that spread quickly and are difficult to extinguish.

Fires caused by these batteries represent the fastest-growing fire trend, according to data from the London Fire Brigade.

On average, they were called to an e-bike or e-scooter fire once every two days in 2023.

Fortunately, there are a number of ways you can reduce the risk of fire.

Buying e-bikes and e-scooters

Many fires involve counterfeit electrical goods which don’t meet British or European safety standards.

While genuine products may cost more, it’s not worth putting your life at risk and potentially destroying your home by buying a fake product or charger to save a few pounds. Remember:

child safety Make purchases from reputable retailers and manufacturers

child safety Avoid buying cheaper parts online

child safety Check the product is marked with a CE or UKCA mark to ensure they comply with UK product safety standards

child safety Check if the product has been recalled. If you’re in doubt, trust your instincts and don’t buy it.

child safety Don’t forget to register your product with the manufacturer to receive any safety or recall information

Visit our Savvy Shopper hub for more tips on shopping safely.

Charging your e-bike or e-scooter

It is important, when charging e-bikes and e-scooters, you do so safely to avoid a risk of a fire starting and putting your family and home at risk.

child safety Have a read of the instructions before you plug it in

child safety Use the manufacturer-approved charger

child safety Avoid charging the battery overnight or when you’re out

child safety Don’t leave charging for any longer than it needs to fully charge

Discover more ways to keep your family safe when charging your e-bike or e-scooter

Fire safety

child safety Fit smoke alarms in the area where you charge your batteries and test them once a month to make sure they work.

child safety Make sure you and your family know how you would escape from your home if a fire starts.

child safety If you charge or store your e-bike or e-scooter in a garage or kitchen, the National Fire Chiefs Council recommend heat alarms rather than smoke detectors for these areas.

child safety Avoid storing or charging e-bikes and e-scooters on routes you could use to escape from your home if there’s a fire

child safety In the event of an e-bike, e-scooter or lithium-ion battery fire – do not try to put the fire out. Get out, stay out, call 999.

Download our Fire safe families fact sheet to learn more

Why do e-bike and e-scooter batteries explode?

This video from Electrical Safety First shows why e-bike and e-scooter batteries overheat and explode.

More information

For more information about using e-bikes and e-scooters safely visit:

Electrical Safety First – Lithium-ion batteries guidance

Government Safety Message on e-bikes and e-scooters

Fire England safety advice

Related pages

Fire safe families fact sheet

Fire safe families fact sheet

Our Fire safe families fact sheet contains practical safety tips on how to prevent fires, plan your escape and teach children what to do in an emergency.

Fire safety

Fire safety: What you need to know

Visit our fire safety advice page to learn more about the dangers and what you can do to keep children safe.

Buyers beware: Who are you buying from?

Be a savvy shopper

Discover why you should be wary when buying products from online platforms and how to check whether they have been recalled.

Free resources from OPSS

Download free resources from OPSS to raise awareness around the safe purchasing, use and charging of e-bikes and e-scooters.

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